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Volume 19, Number 6—June 2013

Synopsis

Zoonotic Mycobacterium bovis–induced Tuberculosis in Humans

Borna MüllerComments to Author , Salome Dürr, Silvia Alonso, Jan Hattendorf, Cláudio J.M. Laisse, Sven D.C. Parsons, Paul D. van Helden, and Jakob Zinsstag
Author affiliations: Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa (B. Müller, S.D.C. Parsons, P.D. van Helden); Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland (B. Müller, J. Hattendorf, J. Zinsstag); University of Basel, Basel (B. Müller, J. Hattendorf, J. Zinsstag); University of Berne, Berne, Switzerland (S. Dürr); Royal Veterinary College, Hertfordshire, UK (S. Alonso); Veterinary Faculty, Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputo, Mozambique (C. J. M. Laisse)

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Table 1

Number of countries within World Health Organization regions for which the respective data on zoonotic Mycobacterium bovis–induced TB in humans was obtained*

Africa Americas Europe Eastern Mediterranean Western Pacific
Total number of countries in WHO region† 46 (100.0) 35 (100.0) 53 (100.0) 22 (100.0) 27 (100.0)
Any data for countries of WHO region indicated‡ 13 (28.3) 12 (34.3) 31 (58.5) 2 (9.1) 3 (11.1)
Nationwide data 0 10 (83.3) 30 (96.8) 0 2 (66.7)
Subnational data 13 (100.0) 5 (41.7) 11 (35.5) 2 (100.0) 2 (66.7)
Surveillance data
6 (46.2)
5 (41.7)
31 (100.0)
1 (50.0)
3 (100.0)
Convenience sample/unknown sampling strategy 10 (76.9) 11 (91.7) 6 (19.4) 1 (50.0) 2 (66.7)
Nationwide surveillance data
0
2 (16.7)
30 (96.8)
0
2 (66.7)
Molecular-based detection of M. bovis 10 (76.9) 7 (58.3) 9 (29.0) 2 (100.0) 3 (100.0)
Biochemical detection of M. bovis 6 (46.2) 3 (25.0) 4 (12.9) 0 1 (33.3)
Other detection method 1 (7.7) 3 (25.0) 3 (9.7) 0 1 (33.3)
Unknown detection method
0
10 (83.3)
30 (96.8)
0
2 (66.7)
Data on average yearly prevalence 9 (69.2) 6 (50.0) 5 (16.1) 0 2 (66.7)
Data on average yearly prevalence per 100,000 population
0
0
0
0
0
Data on average yearly incidence 6 (46.2) 10 (83.3) 31 (100.0) 1 (50.0) 3 (100.0)
Data on average yearly incidence per 100,000 population
2 (15.4)
7 (58.3)
30 (96.8)
1 (50.0)
2 (66.7)
Data on average yearly mortality 0 1 (8.3) 2 (6.5) 0 0
Data on average yearly mortality per 100,000 population
0
1 (8.3)
0
0
0
Data on proportion among all TB cases 13 (100.0) 12 (100.0) 30 (96.8) 2 (100.0) 3 (100.0)
Data on proportion among all TB deaths 0 1 (8.3) 0 0 0
Data on proportion of deaths among all TB cases 0 1 (8.3) 2 (6.5) 0 0

*TB, tuberculosis; WHO, World Health Organization; Freq, Number of countries represented by records reporting on the indicated variable; %, proportions related to the total number of countries in a given WHO region for which data were available (unless otherwise indicated).
†No data were obtained for Southeast Asia.
‡Proportions relate to the total number of countries in the respective WHO region.

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