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Volume 19, Number 6—June 2013

Synopsis

Zoonotic Mycobacterium bovis–induced Tuberculosis in Humans

Borna MüllerComments to Author , Salome Dürr, Silvia Alonso, Jan Hattendorf, Cláudio J.M. Laisse, Sven D.C. Parsons, Paul D. van Helden, and Jakob Zinsstag
Author affiliations: Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa (B. Müller, S.D.C. Parsons, P.D. van Helden); Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland (B. Müller, J. Hattendorf, J. Zinsstag); University of Basel, Basel (B. Müller, J. Hattendorf, J. Zinsstag); University of Berne, Berne, Switzerland (S. Dürr); Royal Veterinary College, Hertfordshire, UK (S. Alonso); Veterinary Faculty, Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputo, Mozambique (C. J. M. Laisse)

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Table 3

Selected reports from the United States on zoonotic Mycobacterium bovis-induced TB in humans*

ID Setting Study period Ethnicity or place of birth No. cases† No. tested‡
46
41 states in the United States
1995–2005
Native American, non-Hispanic 0 243 0.0
Asian, non-Hispanic 5 2,938 0.2
Black, non-Hispanic 6 3,447 0.2
Hispanic 147 2,724 5.4
White, non-Hispanic 7 2,449 0.3
Mexico-born 102 1,399 7.3
Non-US/Mexico-born 15 4,907 0.3
US-born
47
5,531
0.8
48
San Diego County, California
2001–2005
Hispanic 128 657 19.5
White 3 154 1.9
Asian 1 421 0.2
Black 0 86 0.0
Other 0 6 0.0
Mexico-born 79 461 17.1
The Philippines 0 248 0.0
Non-US/Mexico/The Philippines-born 0 260 0.0
US-born
53
355
14.9
164
San Diego County, California
1994–2003
Hispanic 156 531 29.4
Non-Hispanic 11 564 2.0
Mexico-born 93 374 24.9
Non-US/Mexico-born 3 416 0.7
US-born
71
305
23.3
155
New York, New York, USA
2001–2004
Mexico-born 20 155 12.9
Non–Mexico-born
15
2925
0.5
233 San Diego County, California 1994–2000 Mexico-born 70 553 12.7
The Philippines 1 423 0.2
Non-US/Mexico/The Philippines–-born 2 403 0.5
US-born 56 552 10.1

*TB. tuberculosis; ID, record identification number (Technical Appendix 2).
†N number of zoonotic TB cases identified.
‡Number of TB case-patients tested for the presence of M. bovis infection.
§ Proportion of zoonotic TB among all TB cases.

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