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Volume 19, Number 9—September 2013

Perspective

Acute Encephalitis Syndrome Surveillance, Kushinagar District, Uttar Pradesh, India, 2011–2012

Manish KakkarComments to Author , Elizabeth T. Rogawski, Syed Shahid Abbas, Sanjay Chaturvedi, Tapan N. Dhole, Shaikh Shah Hossain, and Sampath K. Krishnan
Author affiliations: Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India (M. Kakkar, E.T. Rogawski, S.S. Abbas); University College of Medical Sciences, New Delhi (S. Chaturvedi); Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India (T.N. Dhole); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, New Delhi (S.S. Hossain); Office of the World Health Organization Representative to India, New Delhi (S.K. Krishnan)

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Table 1

Characteristics of case-patients with acute encephalitis syndrome, Kushinagar District, Uttar Pradesh, India, 2011–2012*

Characteristic No. (%) cases
2011, n = 721 2012, n = 91
Age, y
0–4 322 (44.7) 36 (39.6)
5–9 205 (28.4) 22 (24.2)
10–14 83 (11.5) 12 (13.2)
>15
111 (15.4)
21 (23.1)
Sex
M 414 (57.4) 54 (59.3)
F
307 (42.6)
37 (40.7)
Religion
Hindu 632 (87.7) 80 (87.9)
Muslim
89 (12.3)
11 (12.1)
Vaccinated against JEV
Yes 3 (0.4) 0
No 116 (16.1) 0
Unknown
602 (83.5)
91 (100)
Outcome
Died 130 (18.0) 18 (19.8)
Absent 18 (2.5) 0
LAMA 16 (2.2) 0
Discharged
557 (77.3)
73 (80.2)
Result for JEV laboratory test
Positive 3 (0.4) 0
Negative 128 (17.8) 0
Awaited† 590 (81.8) 91 (100)

*Based on data obtained from Baba Raghav Das Medical College, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India. JEV, Japanese encephalitis virus; LAMA, left against medical advice.
†Clinical samples awaiting laboratory test results.

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