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Volume 3, Number 2—June 1997

Dispatch

An Unusual Hantavirus Outbreak in Southern Argentina: Person-to-Person Transmission?

Rachel M. Wells*, Sergio Sosa Estani†, Zaida E. Yadon‡, Delia Enria¶, Paula Padula‡, Noemi Pini†, James N. Mills*, Clarence J. Peters*, Elsa L. Segura‡, and the Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome Study Group for Patagonia §
Author affiliations: *Centers For Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †Instituto Nacional de Chagas "Dr. Mario Fatala Chaben," Buenos Aires, Argentina; ‡Administración Nacional de Laboratorios e Institutos de Salud, Buenos Aires, Argentina; §Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas "Dr. Julio I. Maiztegui," Buenos Aires, Argentina; ¶N. Guthmann, Centro Regional Universitario Bariloche; E. Argüelo, F. Klein, R. Levy, C. Nagel, Fundación Favorolo; R. Calfin, F. de Rosas, M. Lazaro, M. Rosales, P. Sandoval, Hospital Bariloche; L.A. Albornoz, R. L. Antonia, J. C. Becerra, W.H. Benitez, A. Broide, C. Flandes, A. Honik, J. Meza, L. Paganini, A. Resa, G. Roberts, P. Rodriguez, I.E. Rojo, G. Suppo, A. Werenicz, S. Wisky, Hospital El Bolson; H. Quiroga, Hospital El Hoyo; C.A. Cohen Arazi, L. Bogni, R. Lombardelli, B. Salvagno, C. Simeone, Hospital Esquel; L. Clara, Hospital Italiano de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires; M. del Castillo, Hospital Nacional de Clínicas "José de San Martín"; J.L. Becker, H. Lopez, M. Palmigiani, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas "Dr. Julio I. Maiztegui"; M. Ameztoy, A. Lawrynowicz, Instituto Nacional de Epidemiología "Dr. Juan H. Lara"; A. Edelstein, Instituto Nacional de Microbiología "Dr. Carlos Malbran"; A. Aguilera, V.O. Vigil, Instituto Nacional de Parasitología "Dr. Mario Fatala Chaben"; R. Chuit, C. Riva Posse, Ministerio de Salud y Acción Social; C. Barclay, L. Caride, E. De Orta, M. Furque, A. Picone, L. Samengo, Sanatorio San Carlos; R. Fernandez, R. Gonzales, Sistema Provincial de Salud, Esquel; O. Arellano, G. Cantoni, E. Larrieu, J. Vilosio, Sistema Provincial de Salud, PCIA de Río Negro; K. Busico, A. Khan, T.G. Ksiazek, W. Terry, J. Young, S. Zaki, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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Figure 1

Transmission tree for HPS cases in southern Argentina, September-December 1996, indicating dates of onset of symptoms, survivor status, and proposed lines of transmission. Lines of transmission are hypothetical since many of the patients had contact with multiple HPS patients. Bold lines denote husband and wife. The two sporadic cases, U and R, are not shown.

Figure 1. Transmission tree for HPS cases in southern Argentina, September-December 1996, indicating dates of onset of symptoms, survivor status, and proposed lines of transmission. Lines of transmission are hypothetical since many of the patients had contact with multiple HPS patients. Bold lines denote husband and wife. The two sporadic cases, U and R, are not shown.

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