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Volume 4, Number 1—March 1998

Synopsis

Zoonotic Tuberculosis due to Mycobacterium bovis in Developing Countries

O. Cosivi*, J.M. Grange, C.J. Daborn, M.C. Raviglione*, T. Fujikura, D. Cousins, R.A. Robinson, H.F.A.K. Huchzermeyer, I. de Kantor, and F.-X. Meslin*
Author affiliations: *World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; †Imperial College School of Medicine, National Heart and Lung Institute, London, United Kingdom; ‡Edinburgh University, Edinburgh, Scotland; ¶The University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia; §Department of Agriculture, South Perth, Australia; **College of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Teaching Hospital, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA; ††Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Onderstepoort, South Africa; and ‡‡Pan American Health Organization/ World Health Organization, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Main Article

Table 2

Human tuberculosis due to Mycobacterium bovis, industrialized countries

Cases
Country (ref.) Years No. % of total TB Pulmonary (% of total M. bovis)
Australia (25) 1970-94 240 0.43-3.1 71.6a
England (23) 1977-90 232 1.2 40.0
Germany (26) 1975-80 236 4.5 73.7
Ireland
Rural (27) 1986-90 17 6.4 70.6
Urban (28) 1982-85 9 0.9 88.8
New Zealand (29) 1983-90 22 7.2 31.8
Spain (30) 1986-90 10 0.9 50.0
Sweden (17) 1983-92 96 2.0 -
Switzerland (31) 1994 18 2.6 -
U.S. (32) 1954-68 6 0.3 33.3
U.S. (9) 1980-91 73 3.0 52.0b
12.0c

a Overall percentage includes 80.6 % males and 51.2% females
bAdults.
cChildren

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