Bayou Virus-Associated Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome in Eastern Texas: Identification of the Rice Rat, Oryzomys palustris, as Reservoir Host
Norah Torrez-Martinez*, Mausumi Bharadwaj*, Diane Goade*, John Delury†, Peggy Moran*, Bradley Hicks†, Beverlee Nix‡, James L. Davis¶, and Brian Hjelle*
Author affiliations: *University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA; †Texas Department of Health, Austin, Texas, USA; ‡Texas Department of Health, Houston, Texas, USA; ¶St. Elizabeth's Hospital, Beaumont, Texas, USA.
Figure 4. Unweighted maximum parsimony tree produced by PAUP 3.1 software comparing a 397 nt portion of the hantavirus S genomic segments (residues 207 to 603) of patients and rodents infected with Bayou virus. A selection of other prototypical hantavirus sequences, each of which was compared antigenically in Figure 2, was included for comparison. Other hantaviruses are abbreviated as follows: RM=Rio Mamoré; MULE=Muleshoe; SN= Sin Nombre; PUU=Puumala; and SEO=Seoul. Human-derived Bayou virus sequences are indicated by Case, and rodent sequences by OP (Oryzomys palustris) or SH (Sigmodon hispidus). TX=Texas, LA=Louisiana.
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