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Volume 4, Number 1—March 1998

Dispatch

Bayou Virus-Associated Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome in Eastern Texas: Identification of the Rice Rat, Oryzomys palustris, as Reservoir Host

Norah Torrez-Martinez*, Mausumi Bharadwaj*, Diane Goade*, John Delury†, Peggy Moran*, Bradley Hicks†, Beverlee Nix‡, James L. Davis¶, and Brian Hjelle*
Author affiliations: *University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA; †Texas Department of Health, Austin, Texas, USA; ‡Texas Department of Health, Houston, Texas, USA; ¶St. Elizabeth's Hospital, Beaumont, Texas, USA.

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Table

Rodents collected in association with two cases of Bayou virus-hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in Jefferson and Orange Counties, Texas, March and October 1996

Species No. specimens collected
(no. seropositive)
No. PCR b
tested
(no. pos.)
Area 1a Area 2 Area 3 Area 4 Total
Baiomys taylori 0 0 1(0) 3 (0) 4 (0) 0
Mus musculus 30 (0) 21 (0) 12 (1) 26 (0) 88 (1) 1 (0)
Ochrotomys nuttali 0 0 0 1 (0) 1 (0) 0
Oryzomys palustris 45 (7) 20 (5) 3 (0) 8 (3) 76 (15) 15 (14)
Peromyscus leucopus 0 3 (0) 0 0 3 (0) 0
Rattus norvegicus 1 (0) 1 (0) 0 1 (0) 3 (0) 0
Rattus rattus 21 (0) 8 (0) 0 1 (0) 30 (0) 0
Reithrodontomys fulvescens 0 7 (0) 0 7 (0) 14 (0) 0
Reithrodontomys humulis 1(0) 0 0 2 (0) 3 (0) 0
Sigmodon hispidus 95 (0) 5 (0) 11 (0) 4 (1) 114 (1) 1 (1)

aRefer to Figure 2 for map areas.
bPCR=polymerase chain reaction.

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