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Volume 4, Number 2—June 1998

Dispatch

Probable Human Infection with a Newly Described Virus in the Family Paramyxoviridae

Kerry Chant*, Raymond Chan†, Mitchell Smith*, Dominic E. Dwyer, Peter Kirkland§, and the NSW Expert Group
Author affiliations: *Public Health Unit, Sydney, Australia; †South Western Area Pathology Service, Sydney, Australia; ‡Institute of Clinical Pathology and Medical Research (ICPMR), Westmead, Australia; §Elizabeth Macarthur Agricultural Institute, Menangle, New South Wales, Australia; ¶Stephen Conaty, NSW Department of Health; Yvonne Cossart, University of Sydney; Gwendolyn Gilbert, ICPMR; Richard Jane, NSW Department of Agriculture; Robert Love, University of Sydney; Jeremy McAnulty, NSW Department of Health; William Rawlinson, University of New South Wales and SEALS Department, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney; and Evan Sergeant, NSW Department of Agriculture.

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Table

Results of case investigations

Titer
Serologic testa Patient 1 Patient 2
Neutralizing antibody to new agent 128 512
Antibody to equine morbillivirus negative negative
CMV IgG positive positive
CMV IgM negative negative
EBV-VCA IgG positive positive
EBV-VCA IgM negative negative
EBV-EBNA IgG negative positive
Rubella IgG positive positive
Rubella IgM negative negative
Mycoplasma (CFT) < 4b 4b
Mycoplasma IgM negative negative
Adenovirus (CFT) 8b 8b
Enterovirus (CFT) 8b 8b
Influenza A (CFT) 32b 16b
Influenza B (CFT) 8b <4 (negative)
Leptospiral agglutinins negative negative
Brucella antibodies negative negative
Toxoplasma IgG positive positive
Toxoplasma IgM negative negative
Q Fever (phase 2 - CFT) negative negative
Measles IgG positive positive
Measles IgM negative negative
Mumps IgG positive positive
Mumps IgM negative negative
RSV (CFT) < 8b anticomplementary
Parainfluenza 1 (CFT) 32b < 16b
Parainfluenza 2 (CFT) 16b < 16b
Parainfluenza 3 (CFT) < 8b < 16b
HBsAg negative negative
anti-HBc negative negative
anti-HCV negative positivec
anti-HIV (Western Blot) negative negative
anti-HIV (EIA) negative negative

aCMV, cytomegalovirus; IgG, immunoglobulin G; EBV, Epstein-Barr virus; VCA, viral capsid antigen; EBNA, Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen; CFT, complement fixation test; RSV, respiratory syncytial virus; HBsAg, hepatitis B surface antigen; HBc, hepatitis B core; HCV, hepatitis C virus; EIA, enzyme immunoassay.
bNot significant.
cBy two screening enzyme immunoassays.

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