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Volume 5, Number 1—February 1999

Perspective

Socioeconomic and Behavioral Factors Leading to Acquired Bacterial Resistance to Antibiotics in Developing Countries

Iruka N. Okeke*, Adebayo Lamikanra*, and Robert Edelman†Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria;; †University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

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Table 3

Antibiotic resistance of Escherichia coli strains isolated from residents of an urban area (Lagos) or rural/suburban areas (southwest Nigeria) (from [91])

Antimicrobial agent Percentage of resistant isolates
Urban
(n = 30) Rural/suburban
(n = 44)
Ampicillina 53 27
Chloramphenicol 13 14
Streptomycina 63 32
Sulphathiazoleb 73 48
Tetracyclineb 87 64
Trimethoprim 53 41

aSignificant differences between the two groups at p < 0.05 (Chi-square test)
bSignificant differences between the two groups at p < 0.10 (Chi-square test)

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