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Volume 6, Number 2—April 2000

Research

Haemophilus influenzae Type B and Streptococcus pneumoniae as Causes of Pneumonia among Children in Beijing, China

Orin S. Levine*†, Gang Liu†, Robert L. Garman*‡, Scott F. Dowell*, Sangie Yu, and Yong-Hong Yang†
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated with Capital University of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China; and ‡Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Main Article

Table 1

Characteristics of pneumonia cases and diarrhea and dermatitis control patients, Beijing, China

Cases (n=96) Controls (n=214)
Risk Factor No. % No. % p-value
Age group 0.265
2 to 5 months 20 20.8 40 18.7
6 to 11 months 9 9.4 39 18.2
12 to 35 months 41 42.7 83 38.9
36 to 60 months 26 27.1 52 24.3
Daycare attendance in the past 30 days 32 33.3 36 17.1 0.002
Recent antibiotic use 53 60.2 63 31.7 0.001
At least one other child in household 53 55.2 85 39.7 0.011
3 or more persons in household 75 78.1 154 72.0 0.254
At least one current cigarette smoker in the household 67 69.8 139 65.0 0.404
Currently breastfeeding 31 32.3 89 41.6 0.120
Male Sex 50 52.1 130 60.8 0.153
Caregiver Education Level 0.126
No schooling 11 11.5 10 4.7
Primary (1-6 years) 17 17.7 53 24.8
Middle (7-9 years) 33 34.4 82 38.3
Senior (10-12 years) 22 22.9 38 17.7
College or higher 13 13.5 31 14.5

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