Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home

Volume 6, Number 2—April 2000

Research

Haemophilus influenzae Type B and Streptococcus pneumoniae as Causes of Pneumonia among Children in Beijing, China

Orin S. Levine*†, Gang Liu†, Robert L. Garman*‡, Scott F. Dowell*, Sangie Yu, and Yong-Hong Yang†
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated with Capital University of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China; and ‡Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Main Article

Table 2

Association of nasopharyngeal colonization with Hib,and Streptococcus pneumoniae and radiographically confirmed pneumonia, Beijing, China

Pneumonia defined by:
Controls (N=214) Radiologist’s reading (N=96) Pediatrician’s reading (N=32)
No. pos. (%) No. pos. (%) O.R. 95% C.I. Adj.* O.R. 95% C.I. No. pos. (%) O.R. 95% C.I. Adj.* O.R. 95% C.I.
Hib 4 (1.9) 7 (7.3) 4.23 1.20 , 4.12 1.01 , 3 (9.4) 5.77 1.21 , 9.62 1.73 ,
14.86 16.80 27.59 53.40
S.pneumoniae 83 (38.8) 42 (43.8) 1.22 0.75 , 1.84 1.03 , 16 (50.0) 1.52 0.72 , 3.03 1.20 ,
1.99 3.29 3.23 7.64

*Odds ratio adjusted for the following potential confounding factors: antecedent antibiotic use, recent day-care attendance, and other children in the household.

Main Article

Top of Page

USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO