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Volume 6, Number 4—August 2000

Research

Seroprevalence of West Nile, Rift Valley, and Sandfly Arboviruses in Hashimiah, Jordan

Anwar Batieha*Comments to Author , Elias K. Saliba†, Ross Graham‡, Emad Mohareb†, Younis Hijazi*, and Pandu Wijeyaratne§
Author affiliations: *Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; †Hashimiah University, Zarka, Jordan; ‡Virology Research Program, U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3, Cairo, Egypt; §Infectious Disease Program of Nepal, USAID/EHP

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Table 3

Seropositivity of immunoglobulin G antibodies against sandfly Naples virus, Jordan, 1998

Variable Total Seropositivity N (%) p
Total 261 77 (29.5)
Sex
Male 75 17 (22.7) 0.165
Female 186 60 (32.3)
Age
<10 years 14 1 (7.1) 0.007
10 - 29 158 40 (25.3)
≥30 89 36 (40.4)
Monthly family income
<100 JDa 76 24 (31.6) 0.68
199-249 JD 156 43 (27.6)
≥250 JD 29 10 (34.5)
Presence of domestic animals
In house 86 32 (37.2) 0.148
Near house 24 7 (29.2)
None 151 38 (25.2)
Distance from plant
Residence within 2 km 115 36 (31.3) 0.667
More than 2 km 146 41 (28.1)
Presence of mosquito bites on exam
Yes 156 43 (27.6) 0.485
No 105 34 (32.4)

aJD = Jordanian dinars.

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