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Volume 7, Number 1—February 2001

Perspective

Emerging Infectious Diseases in Russia, 1990-1999

Sergey V. Netesov* and J. Lyle Conrad†Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *State Research Center of Virology and Biotechnology Vector, Koltsovo, Novosibirsk Region, Russian Federation; †Medical Epidemiologist, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

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Table

Selected reportable diseases, Russian Federation, 1990-1999 and January-June 2000

Disease 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Diphtheriaa,b 0.98 1.53 2.65 10.25 26.9 24.1 9.2 2.76 0.98 0.6 0.23
Tuberculosis 51,000 45,000 43,000 54,000 66,000 72,000 78,000 81,000 86,000 90,000 48,000
TB-alla,c 34.2 34 35.8 42.9 48 57.9 67.5 74 76 nad na
TB-MoH datae 34.3 30.5 29.4 36.5 45.1 48.7 52.8 55.1 58.5 61.4 32.4
TB death rate 7.9 8.1 9.3 12.6 14.6 15.4 17 16.7 15.4 na na
Syphilisa 5.4 7.3 12.6 32.3 82.3 172.1 254.2 266.8 226.1 179.3 81.3
Shigellaa 130.4 146.6 127.3 102.4 149.9 184.2 82 57.1 78 148.4 40.1
Hepatitis Aa 204.3 165.5 117.9 109.3 111.2 122.6 86.9 50.1 33.8 30.6 15.9
Hepatitis Ba 21.9 17.9 18.2 22.2 27 35.2 35.8 36.5 35.8 43.3 21.7
Hepatitis Ca na na na na 3.2 6.8 8.4 9.1 11.6 19.3 10.9
Measlesa 12.4 13.8 12.6 50.1 20 5.2 5.4 2 4.7 5.0 2.8
Mumpsa 39.2 24.6 23.6 30.1 28.1 36.1 47 69.2 97.8 48.2 19.9
Rubellaa 192.6 141 na 127 245.7 186.2 115.5 121.1 304 407 247.3
Tick-borne encephalitisa 3.7 3.5 4.3 5.3 4 4 6.5 4.4 5 6.7 0.9
Influenzaa 3,719 4,823 6,097 3,721 2,339 3,870 2,450 5,060 2,516 4,059 5,117
HIV, new cases 95 66 72 99 146 169 1,433 3,853 3,709 10,900 na
HIV ratesa 0.06 0.04 0.05 0.07 0.1 0.11 0.97 2.6 2.5 15.9 11.4
Omsk HFf 29 41 7 19 11 5 2 na 7 na na

aData source, reference 9.
bRates/ 100,000 population
cTB-all includes data from civilian hospitals, army clinics, prison hospitals, and medical units of other ministries.
dna = not available.
eMoH = Ministry of Health; TB-MOH data are from civilian hospitals controlled by the Ministry of Health.
fHF = hemorrhagic fever, Novosibirsk region only

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