Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home

Volume 7, Number 1—February 2001

Perspective

Pesticides and Public Health: Integrated Methods of Mosquito Management

Robert I. RoseComments to Author 
Author affiliation: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, USA

Main Article

Table

Pesticides used for mosquito control in the United States

Name Trade Name Formulationa Application Advantage Limitation
Temephos Abate G, EC Larvae Usually lowest cost Nontarget effects, some resistance
Methoprene Altosid G, B, P, LC Larvae Residual briquets, nontarget safety Cannot be certain of performance until too late to retreat
Oils BVA, Golden Bear Oil Larvae, pupae Acts on pupae Oil film, subsurface larvae
Monomolecular film Agnique Liquid Larvae, pupae Acts on pupae Subsurface larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti) Aquabac, Bactimos, LarvX, Teknar, Dunks WDG, AS, P, G, B Larvae Nontarget safety, Briquets control 30+ days Short window of treatment opportunity, pupae
Bacillus sphaericus (Bs) VectoLex G, WDG Larvae Nontarget safety Pupae, only works in fresh water
Malathion Fyfanon, Atrapa, Prentox ULV, thermal fog Adults Tolerances OPa, some resistance
Naled Dibrom, Trumpet ULV, EC,thermal fog Adults Tolerances OP, corrosive
Fenthion Batex ULV Adults None specified OP, Florida only, RUPa, tolerances
Permethrin Permanone, AquaResilin, Biomist, Mosquito-Beater ULV, thermal fog, clothing treatment Adults, clothing treatment for ticks and mosquitoes Low vertebrate toxicity None specified
Resmethrin Scourge ULV, thermal fog Adults Low vertebrate toxicity RUP, no tolerance for residue on crops
Sumithrin Anvil ULV,thermal fog Adults Low vertebrate toxicity No tolerance
Pyrethrins Pyrenone, Pyronyl ULV, EC Adults, larvae Natural pyrethrum, tolerances May be costly

aAS = Aqueous suspension; B = Briquets; EC = Emulsifiable concentrate; G = Granules; LC = Liquid concentrate; P = Pellets; ULV = Ultra low volume; WDG = Water-dispersible granule; OP = Organophospate insecticide; RUP = Restricted use product

Main Article

Top of Page

USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO