Volume 7, Number 2—April 2001
4th Decennial International Conference on Nosocomial and Healthcare-Associated Infections
The Impact of Hospital-Acquired Bloodstream Infections
|No. of lives saved||No. of lives saved|
|Attributable||if 25% of BSIa||if 50% of BSI|
|mortality rate (%)||Expected deaths||occur in ICUsb||occur in ICUs|
aBSI = Bloodstream infections; ICU = Intensive-care unit.
bAssumptions in this analysis: 50,000 (25%) or 100,000 (50%) of BSI occur in ICUs, and a 25% increase in handwashing prevented 25% of BSIs. Known (14): In ICUs, a 28% increase in handwashing was related to a reduction of risk of BS1 of 56/10,000 ICU admissions, a reduced attack rate of 45%, and a reduced incidence density rate of 22%.