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Volume 7, Number 6—December 2001

Synopsis

Trichomonas vaginalis, HIV, and African-Americans

Frank Sorvillo*Comments to Author , Lisa Smith*, Peter Kerndt†, and Lawrence Ash*
Author affiliations: *University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California;; †Department of Health Services, Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, California

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Table 1

Studies of the prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis infection in women, United States, 1964-1997

Yeara Location (ref) N Population Trichomonas prevalence (%) Diagnostic method(s)
1996-97 New York (18) 213 Incarcerated 47 culture
1995-97 St. Louis (19) 143 HIV clinic 11 wet mount
1993-95 4 cities (20) 1,285 HIV infected and high risk 11 wet mount
1994 New York (23) 1,404 Inner city 20 not provided
1992 Baltimore (24) 279 STD clinic 26 culture
1990-94 New York (37) 677 HIV and community clinics 22 culture
1901-93 Southeastern city (21) 650 Adolescent health clinics 3 culture
1986 5 cities (27) 13,816 Antepartum women 13 culture
1990-91 New York (22) 372 Inner city 27 culture
1989-90 New York (25) 1,401 OB/GYN clinics 20 culture
1989 Baltimore (26) 3,005 Cancer screening 25 wet mount
1987-88 Denver (36) 5,681b STD clinic 11 wet mount
1984-86 Birmingham (28) 818 STD clinic 21 wet mount
1985 San Francisco (29) 171 Adolescent clinic 11 wet mount/PAPc
1982 Baltimore (30) 115 Pregnant adolescents 34 culture
1981 Seattle (31) 80 Juvenile detention 48 wet mount
1980 Providence (32) 500 Student health center 3 culture
1979-80 Storrs (33) 383 GYN clinic 19 wet mount/PAP
1971 Oregon (34) 338 State school/adolescents 35 Gram stain
1964 Philadelphia (35) 27,392 Cancer screening 16 PAP

aYear of study (or publication).
b Number of visits.
cPapanicolaou smear; STD = sexually transmitted disease; OB/GYN = obstetrics/gynecology.

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