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Volume 8, Number 1—January 2002

Dispatch

Antimicrobial Sensitivity in Enterobacteria from AIDS Patients, Zambia

James Mwansa*, Kabanga Mutela*, Isaac Zulu*†, Beatrice Amadi*, and Paul Kelly*†Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *University of Zambia School of Medicine, University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia; †St. Bartholomew’s & Royal London School of Medicine, London, United Kingdom;

Main Article

Table

Summary of antimicrobial sensitivity patterns for three enterobacteria isolated from patients with HIV-related persistent diarrhea in Zambia

Antimicrobial agenta No. sensitive (%)
Nontyphoidal salmonellae Shigella flexneri S. dysenteriae
Tetracycline 37 (6) 2 (6) 3 (16)
Chloramphenicol 36 (77) 7 (22) 8 (48)
Gentamicin 119 (75) 24 (77) 18 (95)
Sulphamethoxazole-trimethoprim 25 (22) 3 (10) 0 (0)
Amoxycillin 74 (48) 9 (30) 7 (37)
Amoxycillin-clavulanic acid 95 (60) 27 (87) 12 (63)
Cephalexin 105 (66) 23 (74) 17 (89)
Cefuroxime 93 (59) 11 (35) 16 (74)
Cefotaxime 149 (88) 28 (90) 19 (95)
Nalidixic acid 107 (67) 31 (100) 19 (100)
Ciprofloxacin 157 (99) 30 (97) 18 (95)
Erythromycin 22 (14) 0 (0) 4 (21)
Azithromycin 64 (92) 9 (100) 19 (100)

a158 isolates of nontyphoidal salmonellae, 31 isolates of S. flexneri, and 19 isolates of S. dysenteriae were tested against all these antimicrobial agents except for azithromycin, against which 69, 9, and 19 isolates were tested respectively.

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