Volume 8, Number 10—October 2002
Laboratory Response to Anthrax Bioterrorism, New York City, 2001
|Before October 12, 2001||After the surge of specimens|
|Specimen load||1 every 2–3 months||2,700 nasal swabs/2 weeks 3,200 environmental specimens/2 months|
|Laboratory space||One room||10 laboratories 3 evidence rooms 4 support areas Command center (suite of offices) Separate storage area for supplies|
|Staff||2 people rotating on call schedule||>75c|
|Technology||Basic microbiology capabilities • γ phage • DFA||Rapid PCR assays with conventional basic microbiology capabilities|
|Supplies||General laboratory supplies||6 tons flown to NYC from CDC|
|Miscellaneous||No database 1 stand-alone computer||Clinical database Environmental database 30 computers linking all areas of the building|
aWhen the first letter tested positive for spores of Bacillus anthracis was received.
bPCR, polymerase chain reaction; DFA, direct fluorescent antibody assay; CDC, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; NYC, New York City.
cFrom the NYC Public Health Laboratory, CDC, NYC Department of Health, and Department of Defense.
1 The Joint Microbiological Rapid Response Team consisted of the Biological Defense Research Directorate, Naval Medical Research Center, Bethesda, Maryland: F. Baluyot, M. Boyd, and T. Hudson; 4th Medical Support Squadron, Seymour Johnson Air Force Base, North Carolina, USA: L. M. Bayquen and L. Galloway; and 7th Medical Support Squadron, Dyess Air Force Base, Texas: L. De Los Santos and C. Sekula.
2 The New York City Anthrax Investigation Working Group consisted of Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Fort Collins: May Chu, David Dennis, Kathleen Julian, Anthony A. Marfin, and Lyle Petersen; CDC, Atlanta: Mary Brandt, Richard Kanwal, Kristy Kubota, Els Mathieu, Steve Ostroff, John Painter, Dejana Selenic, Allison Stock, Linda Weigel, and William Wong; New York City Department of Health: Neal Cohen, Laura Mascuch, Denis Nash, Sarah Perl, and Don Weiss; New York City Public Health Laboratories: Alice Agasan, Jay Amurao, Josephine Atamian, Debra Cook, Erica DeBernardo, Adeleh Ebrahimzadeh, Philomena Fleckenstein, Anne Marie Incalicchio, John Kornblum, Ed Lee, William Oleszko, Lynn Paynter, Alexander Ramon, Chiminyan Sathyakumar, Harold Smalls, George Williams, Marie T. Wong, and Ben Y. Zhao.