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Volume 8, Number 12—December 2002

Research

Cross-Sectional Study on Influenza Vaccination, Germany, 1999–2000

Sybille Rehmet*†Comments to Author , Andrea Ammon*, Günter Pfaff‡, Nikolaus Bocter§, and Lyle R. Petersen¶
Author affiliations: *Robert Koch-Institut, Berlin, Germany; †Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ), Eschborn, Germany; ‡Landesgesundheitsamt Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart, Germany; §Akademie für Öffentliches Gesundheitswesen, Düsseldorf, Germany; ¶Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA

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Table 2

Factors significantly influencing likelihood of an influenza vaccination during the immunization period (1999–2000) for 587 survey participants, by area of residence, November 1999a–c

Former West Germany Former East Germany
Vaccination OR 95% CI Vaccination OR 95% CI
Yes No Yes No
Influenza vaccination in previous years Yes 69 52 10.4 5.8% to 19.1% 101 42 18.4 8.9% to 40.9%
No 24 190 12 93
Positive attitude towards immunization in general Yes 78 164 7.8 1.9% to 68.9% 108 103 6.3 1.3% to 58.8%
No 2 33 2 12
Belief in efficacy of vaccine Yes 84 159 9.7 2.4% to 85.3% 111 94 12.3 2.9% to 110.9%
No 2 34 2 21
Belief that influenza is a severe disease Yes 73 200 3.1 0.7% to 28.3% 90 106 2.3 0.7% to 10.4%
No 2 17 4 11
Information from the media Yes 48 134 0.9 0.5% to 1.4% 80 77 1.8 1.0% to 3.2%
No 44 105 32 56
Regular family physician Yes 92 217 11.8 1.9% to 490.6% 112 123 5.0 1.1% to 47.2%
No 1 28 2 11
Consultation with physician since September 1, 1999 Yes 81 152 4.4 2.2% to 9.6% 109 87 14.6 5.1% to 57.9%
No 11 91 4 47
Vaccination offer during consultationd Yes 63 31 13.5 6.7% to 27.9% 83 35 4.7 2.5% to 9.2%
No 18 121 26 52
Fear of contracting influenza through vaccination Yes 17 111 0.2 0.1% to 0.5% 29 62 0.5 0.3% to 0.8%
No 55 84 60 59
Fear of adverse effects Yes 5 54 0.1 0.0% to 0.3% 11 24 0.3 0.1% to 0.7%
No 80 87 94 62

aOR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.
bDenominator varies because persons who indicated “don’t know” were not included in the analysis.
cTarget groups included those >60 years of age, the chronically ill, and those who worked as professionals in the health-care sector.
dOnly persons having seen a physician since September 1, 1999.

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