Volume 8, Number 2—February 2002
Vector Interactions and Molecular Adaptations of Lyme Disease and Relapsing Fever Spirochetes Associated with Transmission by Ticks
|Disease||No. of species||Arthropod vector|
|Lyme disease||3a||Hard ticks (Ixodes spp.)|
|Tick-borne relapsing fever||21b||Soft ticks (Ornithodoros spp.)|
|Avian borreliosis||1c||Soft ticks (Argas spp.)|
|Bovine borreliosis||1d||Hard ticks (Boophilus spp.)|
|Louse-borne relapsing fever||1||Body louse (Pediculus)|
aBorrelia burgdorferi, B. garinii, and B. afzelii are known human pathogens.
bSome species of Borrelia associated with Ornithodoros ticks are of unknown pathogenicity.