Volume 9, Number 1—January 2003
Foot and Mouth Disease in Livestock and Reduced Cryptosporidiosis in Humans, England and Wales
||FMD case suspected at an abattoir in Essex, southeast England.
||Index case confirmed.
||Animal movements banned within infected area.
Ban on moving susceptible animals and nontreated animal products from the U.K. imposed by the European Commission.
||Case confirmed in Northumberland, northeast England.
Environment Agency and Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food issue joint statement that disposal of animal carcasses produced by culling constitutes an emergency under the terms of the Environmental Protection Act 1990.
||Case confirmed in Devon, southwest England.
||Special rights to close footpaths and rights of way outside infected areas granted to local government.
First case in Wales (Anglesey).
||First case in Cumbria, northwest England.
||First case in Scotland (Dumfries and Galloway).
||Animals intended for the human consumption permitted to be moved under license.
||Environment Agency announces disposal hierarchy, placing rendering and incineration first.
||Policy of culling sheep within 3 km of an infected premise announced by Minister of Agriculture.
||Prime Minister initiates daily interdepartmental meetings chaired by Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Foods.
||First meeting of Cabinet Office Briefing Room, chaired by the Prime Minister.
Government Chief Scientific Officer proposes a 24-h infected premises/48-h contiguous cull policy.
101 Logistics Brigade of the Army deployed at Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food headquarters.
||First mass burial of animal carcasses at Great Orton, northeast England.
||Largest number of new cases (50) reported in a single day.
||14% of footpaths open.
||Last carcasses buried at Great Orton. Last day of incineration of carcasses. Backlog of animals awaiting disposal cleared.
||Prime Minister announces new Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs replacing Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food.
||Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs announces intention to revoke most footpath closures.
||Last confirmed case of foot and mouth disease in Cumbria, northwest England.
||Last foot and mouth disease–infected area designations lifted from parts of Cumbria, northwest England, north Yorkshire, and County Durham, northeast England.
||Guidance to lift remaining footpath restrictions issued.
||Northumberland, northeast England, last county declared to be foot and mouth disease–free.
||U.K. regains international foot and mouth disease–free status, clearing way to resume normal trade in animals and animal products.
|21 June||National Audit Office report published “The 2001 Outbreak of Foot and Mouth Disease.” Six million animals slaughtered. Direct cost to public sector, 3 billion pounds (U.S. $4.7 billion). Cost to private sector, 5 billion pounds (U.S. $7.9 billion), mostly in the tourism sector. Up to 100,000 animals slaughtered and disposed of each day.|
aSource, National Audit Office, U.K. (13).