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Volume 9, Number 1—January 2003

Research

Foot and Mouth Disease in Livestock and Reduced Cryptosporidiosis in Humans, England and Wales

William J. Smerdon*, Tom Nichols*, Rachel M. Chalmers†, Hilary Heine*, and Mark Reacher*Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *Public Health Laboratory Service–Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, London, England; †Cryptosporidium Reference Unit, Singleton Hospital, Sgeti, Swansea, Wales

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Table 3

Annual rate of reported Cryptosporidium species per 100,000 population, England and Wales, 1991–2001a

Region in England 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
Eastern
7.8
9.4
9.3
6.6
12.3
5.0
11.3
5.1
7.5
9.1
8.2
London
7.8
3.6
2.6
2.7
3.6
2.4
2.3
1.9
2.9
3.8
2.3
Northwest
11.7
17.6
12.9
10.6
11.7
10.1
15.8
11.9
19.8
20.9
7.5
Northern and Yorkshire
10.2
13.0
11.4
12.6
12.1
10.4
8.2
7.9
9.6
8.2
6.9
Southeast
11.5
6.8
8.2
8.8
10.2
5.5
6.9
5.9
6.6
8.7
6.7
Southwest
15.3
14.2
12.1
12.7
22.0
8.9
10.2
10.2
12.7
14.7
8.7
Trent
9.5
9.6
8.9
10.5
11.2
7.0
9.1
7.8
10.1
14.1
7.1
West Midlands
6.5
7.6
8.6
4.9
7.6
6.4
5.7
5.6
8.6
10.3
7.3
Wales
12.1
11.3
12.0
11.5
12.5
7.9
7.2
9.3
11.5
12.1
8.3
Total (England and Wales) 10.2 10.1 9.2 8.7 11.0 6.9 8.4 7.0 9.6 11.0 6.7

aMid-year population estimates from the Office for National Statistics, U.K.

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