Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home

Volume 9, Number 2—February 2003

Research

Influence of Role Models and Hospital Design on the Hand Hygiene of Health-Care Workers

Mary G. Lankford*†, Teresa R. Zembower‡, William E. Trick§, Donna M. Hacek*†, Gary A. Noskin*†‡, and Lance R. Peterson*†‡Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *Northwestern Prevention Epicenter, Chicago, Illinois, USA; †Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois, USA; ‡Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, Illinois, USA; §Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Main Article

Table 2

Comparison of characteristics for health-care workers who performed hand hygiene to those who did not perform hand hygiene, Northwestern Memorial Hospital

Variable Hand hygiene
Odds ratio (95% confidence interval) p value
Yes (n=258)
(%) No (n=463)
(%)
Glove use
176 (68)
127 (27)
5.7 (4.0 to 8.0)
<0.001
Hand hygiene on room entrya
42 (16)
18 (3.9)
4.8 (2.6 to 8.9)
<0.001
Invasive procedure performed
34 (13)
25 (5.4)
4.4 (2.3 to 8.7)
<0.001
Old hospital
161 (62)
143 (31)
3.7 (2.7 to 5.2)
<0.001
Patient contact
130 (50)
132 (29)
2.6 (1.8 to 3.5)
<0.001
Nurse
135 (52)
219 (47)
1.2 (0.9 to 1.7)
0.2
Physician
60 (23)
127 (27)
0.8 (0.6 to 1.2)
0.2
In room with a higher ranking person who did not perform hand hygiene 12 (4.7) 77 (17) 0.2 (0.1 to 0.5) <0.001

aNot recorded for a single observation.

Main Article

Top of Page

USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO