Volume 9, Number 2—February 2003
Influence of Role Models and Hospital Design on the Hand Hygiene of Health-Care Workers
|Variableb||Odds ratio (95% confidence interval)||p value|
|Room entry alone (n=291)
|In a room when a peer performs hand hygiene (n=48)
||1.1 (0.6 to 2.3)
|In a room when a higher ranking person performs hand hygiene (n=64)
||0.8 (0.4 to 1.3)
|Highest ranking person in the room (n=144)
||0.6 (0.4 to 1.0)
|In a room when peer does not perform hand hygiene (n=41)
||0.4 (0.2 to 1.0)
|In a room when higher ranking person does not perform hand hygiene (n=111)||0.2 (0.1 to 0.5)||<0.001|
aAdjusted for variables significantly associated with increased hand-hygiene compliance, i.e., health-care worker glove use, hand hygiene on room entry, invasive procedures, patient contact, and old versus new hospital.
bNurses and physicians accounted for most observations for all categories.