Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home

Volume 9, Number 2—February 2003

Research

Influence of Role Models and Hospital Design on the Hand Hygiene of Health-Care Workers

Mary G. Lankford*†, Teresa R. Zembower‡, William E. Trick§, Donna M. Hacek*†, Gary A. Noskin*†‡, and Lance R. Peterson*†‡Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *Northwestern Prevention Epicenter, Chicago, Illinois, USA; †Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois, USA; ‡Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, Illinois, USA; §Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Main Article

Table 4

Effect of behavior of other health-care workers in the room on health-care workers’ hand-hygiene compliance, by multivariate analysis, Northwestern Memorial Hospitala

Variableb Odds ratio 
(95% confidence interval) p value
Room entry alone (n=291)
1.0

In a room when a peer performs hand hygiene (n=48)
1.1 (0.6 to 2.3)
0.7
In a room when a higher ranking person performs hand hygiene (n=64)
0.8 (0.4 to 1.3)
0.3
Highest ranking person in the room (n=144)
0.6 (0.4 to 1.0)
0.07
In a room when peer does not perform hand hygiene (n=41)
0.4 (0.2 to 1.0)
0.05
In a room when higher ranking person does not perform hand hygiene (n=111) 0.2 (0.1 to 0.5) <0.001

aAdjusted for variables significantly associated with increased hand-hygiene compliance, i.e., health-care worker glove use, hand hygiene on room entry, invasive procedures, patient contact, and old versus new hospital.

bNurses and physicians accounted for most observations for all categories.

Main Article

Top of Page

USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO