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Volume 9, Number 3—March 2003

Dispatch

Rabies in Sri Lanka: Splendid Isolation

Susilakanthi Nanayakkara*†, Jean S. Smith*Comments to Author , and Charles E. Rupprecht*
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †Medical Research Institute, Colombo, Sri Lanka

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Table

Virus samples from countries other than Sri Lanka included in phylogenetic analysis

Sample ID Sample history and GenBank accession numbers
Australian bat lysssavirus
Australian bat lyssavirus from insectivorous bat (Saccolaimus flaviventris); 1996. Lyssavirus most closely related to rabies virus. Used as outgroup to root phylogenetic analysis. AF081020.
Duvenhage virus
Duvenhage virus from human bitten by bat, South Africa, 1970. Bat lyssavirus used as outgroup to root phylogenetic analysis. U22848.
Nepal
U.S. citizen bitten by dog in Nepal, 1996. AY138578.
Pakistan
Dog, 1990. AY138565.
India
Resident of U. K., bitten by dog in India, circa 1988. AY138566.
Kenya
U.S. Peace Corps volunteer bitten by dog in Kenya, 1983. AY138567.
Tanzania
Goat, 1992, Zanzibar, Tanzania. AY138568.
Saudi Arabia
Arabian-American Oil Company employee infected in Saudi Arabia, circa 1981, AY138569; fox, 1987. U22481.
Oman
Red fox, 1990. U22480.
Iran
Dog, 1986. U22482.
Israel
Dog, 1993. AY138570.
Madagascar
Human, 1980. AY138571.
Pasteur rabies virus
Cow bitten by dog, Paris, 1882, multiple laboratory passages. M13215.
Namibia
Jackal, 1992. U22649.
Algeria
Dog, 1982. U22643.
Ethiopia
Hyena, 1987. U22637.
India-Madras
Unpublished, 2001. AF374721.
Sri Lanka, reference dog sample, 1986
Dog case sample collected by Dr. Alex Wandeler, Colombo, 1986. AY138549.
Sri Lanka, human cases
Five human case-patients with diagnosed rabies, 1999–2001. Cluster A samples originated from Kandy (n=2) and Ratnapura. Cluster B samples originated from Colombo and Karapitiya. Two cluster A human case samples with nucleotide substitutions not found in consensus sequence were submitted to GenBank. AY138554 and AY138558.
Sri Lanka, dog cases
24 dogs with diagnosed rabies, January–May 2001. Cluster A samples originated from Ragama, Polgasowita, Katunayake, Puttalam, Meerigama, Panadura, Dewulapitiya. Cluster B samples originated from Ragama, Polgasowita, Mirihana, Dehiwela, Moratuwa, Chillaw, Katana, Mount Lavinia, Balapitiya, Wattala (n=2), Payagala (n=2), Colombo (n=3), Nugegoda. Dog samples with nucleotide substitutions not found in consensus sequence for cluster A (AY138553, AY138555, AY138557, AY138559) and cluster B (AY138551, AY138552) were submitted to GenBank.
Sri Lanka, goat cases
Two goats with diagnosed rabies, January–May 2001. Cluster A sample originated from Seeduwa. AY138561. Cluster B sample originated from Kandy. AY138556.
Sri Lanka, mongoose cases
Two mongooses (cluster B) with diagnosed rabies, January–May 2001, Panadura and Moratuwa. Sample with nucleotide substitutions not found in consensus sequence for cluster B was submitted to GenBank. AY138562.
Sri Lanka, cow cases
Four cows (cluster B) with diagnosed rabies, January–May 2001, Kandy, Kaduwela, Horana, Polgasowita. Samples with nucleotide substitutions not found in consensus sequence for cluster were submitted to GenBank. AY138550 and AY138560.
Sri Lanka, elephant cases
Two elephants (cluster B) with diagnosed rabies in 1998 and 1999, in an area of Colombo with large active bat colonies. Sample with nucleotide substitutions not found in consensus sequence for cluster B was submitted to GenBank. AY138564.
Sri Lanka, cat cases
Four cats (cluster B) with diagnosed rabies, January–May 2001, Kelaniya, Nittambuwa, Horana, Kaduwela. Sample with nucleotide substitutions not found in consensus sequence for cluster B was submitted to GenBank. AY138563.
Philippines
Resident of California, 1987, bitten by dog in the Philippines, AY138575; resident of California, 1972, bitten by dog in the Philippines. AY138576.
Viet Nam
Vietnamese refugee in Sidney, Australia, 1991. AY138579.
Thailand
Human, 1983, AY138572; dog, 1995, U22653.
Laos
Laotian immigrant, Texas, 1984. AY138577.
Indonesia Human, 1989, Jakarta, Java; AY138573. dog, 1989, Java; AY138574.

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