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Volume 9, Number 4—April 2003

Research

Costs of Illness in the 1993 Waterborne Cryptosporidium Outbreak, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Phaedra S. Corso*Comments to Author , Michael H. Kramer*, Kathleen A. Blair†, David G. Addiss*, Jeffrey P. Davis‡, and Anne C. Haddix§
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †City of Milwaukee Health Department, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA; ‡Wisconsin Division of Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin, USA; §Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

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Table 4

Average cost for emergency department visits and hospitalizations, by underlying conditiona

Emergency department visit ($) Hospitalization ($) Average
length of stay
(d)
No underlying condition
213
3,131
5
Underlying condition, other than AIDS
265
5,520
7
AIDS
NA
17,388
16
All conditions 224 6,312 8

aCosts in 1993 United States dollars.
1In 1998, the City of Milwaukee completed an $89 million renovation of two municipal water treatment plants, which together serve approximately 800,000 people, as part of an effort to control future outbreaks of Cryptosporidium (22).

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