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Volume 9, Number 9—September 2003

Research

Consumer Attitudes and Use of Antibiotics

Jodi Vanden Eng*, Ruthanne Marcus*Comments to Author , James L. Hadler†, Beth Imhoff‡, Duc J. Vugia§, Paul R. Cieslak¶, Elizabeth Zell‡, Valerie Deneen#, Katherine Gibbs McCombs**, Shelley M. Zansky††, Marguerite A. Hawkins‡‡, and Richard E. Besser‡
Author affiliations: *Connecticut Emerging Infections Program, New Haven, Connecticut, USA; †Connecticut Department of Public Health, Hartford, Connecticut, USA; ‡Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; §California Department of Health Services, Berkeley, California, USA; ¶Oregon Department of Human Services, Portland, Oregon, USA; #Minnesota Department of Public Health, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA; **Georgia Division of Public Health, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; ††New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York, USA; ‡‡University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

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Table 4

Effect of attitude and awareness on antibiotic use, FoodNet population survey, 1998–1999a

Variable Adjusted
ORb,c 95% CI


Upper
Lower
Agree that antibiotics prevent serious illness
0.78
0.57
1.06
Agree that antibiotics help me get better more quickly
1.50d
1.13
1.99
Expect a prescription for antibiotics
0.96
0.77
1.20
Aware of antibiotic dangers 1.37d 1.11 1.69

aWe constructed a multivariable model to look at the association between respondents taking antibiotics in the previous 4 weeks and their attitudes toward and knowledge about the adverse effects of antibiotic use.
bOR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.
cAdjusted for sex, age, education, race, household income, state, place of residence, child in household, and insurance.
dValues are significant (p<0.01) after adjusting for multiple comparisons.

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