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Volume 23, Number 8—August 2017

Dispatch

Real-Time Evolution of Zika Virus Disease Outbreak, Roatán, Honduras

Trevor BrooksComments to Author , Arup Roy-Burman, Cascade Tuholske, Michael P. Busch, Sonia Bakkour, Mars Stone, Jeffrey M. Linnen, Kui Gao, Jayleen Coleman, and Evan M. Bloch
Author affiliations: University of California School of Medicine, San Francisco, California, USA (T. Brooks, A. Roy-Burman, M.P. Busch); University of California, Santa Barbara, California, USA (C. Tuholske); Blood Systems Research Institute, San Francisco (M.P. Busch, S. Bakkour, M. Stone, E.M. Bloch); Hologic Inc., San Diego, California, USA (J.M. Linnen, K. Gao); Public Hospital Roatán, Coxen Hole, Honduras (J. Coleman); Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA (E.M. Bloch)

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Table 1

Demographic characteristics of persons with suspected Zika virus infections, Roatán, Honduras, September 2015–July 2016*

Characteristic
Total, n = 183
Zika virus infection, n = 79
No Zika virus infection, n = 104
Age, y 26 (19–37) 27 (21–38) 24 (17–35)
Sex
M 73 (39.9) 28 (35.4) 45 (43.3)
F 110 (60.1) 51 (64.6) 59 (56.7)
Living conditions
Dirt floor 12 (6.6) 4 (5.1) 8 (7.7)
Running water 149 (81.4) 71 (89.9) 78 (75.0)
Electricity 165 (90.2) 75 (94.9) 90 (86.5)
Mosquito nets over beds 46 (25.1) 22 (27.8) 24 (23.1)
Rooms 2 (1–2) 2 (1–3) 2 (1–2)
Persons in household 4 (3–5.5) 4 (3–5) 4 (3–6)
Sign or symptoms
Headache 165 (90.2) 75 (94.9) 90 (86.5)
Muscle aches 159 (86.9) 67 (84.8) 92 (88.5)
Joint ache 162 (88.5) 71 (89.9) 91 (87.5)
Eye pain 131 (71.6) 61 (77.2) 70 (67.3)
Rash 102 (55.7) 73 (92.4) 29 (27.9)
Bleeding 1 (0.5) 0 1 (1.0)
Vomiting 49 (26.8) 11 (13.9) 38 (36.5)
Petechiae 5 (2.7) 2 (2.5) 3 (2.9)
Epistaxis 1 (0.5) 0 1 (1.0)
Gingivitis 3 (1.6) 1 (1.3) 2 (1.9)
Other 123 (67.2) 53 (67.1) 70 (67.3)
Body temperature, °C, mean (SD) 37.8 (1.1) 37.3 (0.9) 38.1 (1.1)
Days between symptom onset and seeking treatment 3 (1–4) 3 (1–4.5) 2 (2–4)
History of infectious diseases
Dengue 45 (24.6) 21 (26.6) 24 (23.1)
Malaria 33 (18.0) 18 (22.8) 15 (14.4)
Chikungunya 61 (33.3) 28 (35.4) 33 (31.7)

*Values are median (IQR) or no. (%) unless indicated otherwise. IQR, interquartile range.

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