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Volume 1, Number 4—October 1995

Dispatch

Does Treatment of Bloody Diarrhea due to Shigella dysenteriae Type 1 with Ampicilin Precipitate Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome?

Abdulaziz A. A. Bin Saeed, Hassan E. El Bushra, and Nasser A. Al-Hamdan
Author affiliations: Field Epidemiology Training Program, Department of Preventive Medicine, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

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Table 3

C. Laboratory values of children hospitalized with BD or HUS

Laboratory test made on the day of admission to the hospital d Non-HUS cases HUS diagnosed 2-14 days after admission to the hospital HUS diagnosed on admission to hospital
  Mean (N) e SD Mean (N) SD Mean (N) SD
Serum creatinine 60 (16) 46 63 (3) 79 279 (3) 94
Blood urea nitrogin (BUN) 5.4 (23) 5.8 15.3 (3) 12.0 23.0 (3) 6.1
Serum sodium 129 (33) 9 137 (3) 4.6 127 (3) 14
Serum potassium 3.8 (47) 0.8 3.9 (7) 1.1 4.6 (5) 1.1
Leukocytes (WBC) count 14.2 (48) 6.0 34.0 (6) 24.7 41.2 (5) 18.8
Hemoglobin 11.3 (50) 2.3 12.0 (1) 1.5 6.8 (4) 2.5
Hematocrit 36.1 (13) 3.9 NA NA 15 (2) 7.1
Thrombocytes (platelets) 322 (5) 250 154 (1) - NA NA
Body temperature on admission 37.8° C (75) 0.8 37.9° C (18) 0.8 37.9° C (5) 0.9

a Community case of HUS b Percent of cases receiving the corresponding antibiotics. A patient may receive more than one antibiotic. Totals do not add up to 100%. c This table does not include 5 cases diagnosed as HUS on admission and treated as cases of BD.d Creatinine in mg/dL, BUN (or blood urea nitrogen) in mg/dL, sodium in mmol/L, potassium in mmol/L, WBC (white blood cell count) in thousands/mm, Hb (or hemoglobin level) in g/dL, HCT or hematocrit, platelets in thousands/mm3. Values shown are for children under 12 years of age only. e N = Number of cases of BD diagnosed in the hospital. NA = Not available.

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