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Volume 1, Number 4—October 1995

Volume 1, Number 4—October 1995   PDF Version [PDF - 609 KB - 56 pages]


  • The Ascension of Wildlife Rabies: A Cause for Public Health Concern or Intervention? PDF Version [PDF - 69 KB - 8 pages]
    C. E. Rupprecht et al.
        View Abstract

    The epidemiology of rabies in the United States has changed substantially during the half century, as the source of the disease has changed from domesticated animals to wildlife, principally raccoons, skunks, foxes, and bats. Moreover, the changes observed among affected wildlife populations have not occurred without human influence. Rather, human attraction to the recreational and economic resources provided by wildlife has contributed to the reemergence of rabies as a major zoonosis. Although human deaths caused by rabies have declined recently to an average of one or two per year, the estimated costs associated with the decrease in deaths amount to hundreds of millions of dollars annually. In future efforts to control rabies harbored by free-ranging animal reservoirs, public health professionals will have to apply imaginative, safe, and cost-effective solutions to this age-old malady in addition to using traditional measures.

  • Diagnosis of Tuberculosis in Children: Increased Need for Better Methods PDF Version [PDF - 91 KB - 9 pages]
    E. A. Khan and J. R. Starke
        View Abstract

    In the last decade tuberculosis (TB) has reemerged as a major worldwide public health hazard with increasing incidence among adults and children. Although cases among children represent a small percentage of all TB cases, infected children are a reservoir from which many adult cases will arise. TB diagnosis in children usually follows discovery of a case in an adult, and relies on tuberculin skin testing, chest radiograph, and clinical signs and symptoms. However, clinical symptoms are nonspecific, skin testing and chest radiographs can be difficult to interpret, and routine laboratory tests are not helpful. Although more rapid and sensitive laboratory testing, which takes into account recent advances in molecular biology, immunology, and chromatography, is being developed, the results for children have been disappointing. Better techniques would especially benefit children and infants in whom early diagnosis is imperative for preventing progressive TB.

  • Data Management Issues for Emerging Diseases and New Tools for Managing Surveillance and Laboratory Data PDF Version [PDF - 41 KB - 5 pages]
    S. M. Martin and N. H. Bean



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