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Volume 1, Number 4—October 1995

Dispatch

Epidemic Cholera in the New World: Translating Field Epidemiology into New Prevention Strategies

Robert V. Tauxe, Eric D. Mintz, and Robert E. Quick
Author affiliations: National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

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Table 2

Mechanisms of transmission of epidemic cholera in Latin America, as determined in eight epidemiologic - investigations, 1991-1993a

Peru
Transmission mechanism Trujillo Urban 3/91 (15) Piura Urban 3/91 (16) Iquitos Urban 7/91 (17) Ecuador Guayaquil Urban 7/91 (18) El Salvador Rural 3/91 (19) Bolivia Saipina Rural 2/92 (20) Brazil Fortaleza Rural 6/93 + b Guatemala
Guatemala City Urban 7/93 (21)
Waterborne
Municipal water + + +
Surface water + + + +
Putting hands in water vessel + +
Foodborne
Street vendors' foods +
Street vendors' beverages + + +
Street vendors' ice/ices + +
Leftover rice + + +
Fruits/vegetables + +
Seafood
Uncooked seafood +
Cooked seafood



+
+



a Reference numbers are in parentheses.
b CDC unpublished data.

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