Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home

Volume 10, Number 1—January 2004

Perspective

Salmonella Enteritidis Infections, United States, 1985–1999

Mary E. Patrick*1Comments to Author , Penny M. Adcock*2, Thomas M. Gomez†, Sean F. Altekruse‡, Ben H. Holland*3, Robert V. Tauxe*, and David L. Swerdlow*
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †U.S. Department of Agriculture, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; ‡Food and Drug Administration, Rockville, Maryland, USA

Main Article

Table 1

Foodborne outbreaks of Salmonella serotype Enteritidis infection, United States, 1985–1999

All outbreaks (N = 841) Outbreaks in health care facilitiesa (N=89)
Y No. outbreaks No. Ill Median no.
cases No. hosp (%) No. deaths (%) No. outbreaks No. Ill No. (%) hospitals No. deaths (%)
1985 26 1159 24.0 144(12) 1 (.08) 3(12) 55 10(18) 1(2)
1986 47 1444 12.0 107 (7) 6 (.4) 7(15) 105 10(10) 5(5)
1987 58 2616 17.5 557(21) 15 (.6) 8(14) 489 391(80) 14(3)
1988 48 1201 12.5 155(13) 11 (.9) 7(15) 131 2(2) 9(7)
1989 81 2518 23.0 206 (8) 15 (.6) 19(23) 505 34(7) 13(3)
1990 85 2656 18.0 318(12) 3 (.1) 12(14) 303 22(7) 3(1)
1991 74 2461 15.0 200 (8) 5 (.2) 8(11) 118 6(5) 4(3)
1992 63 2348 13.0 233(10) 4 (.2) 2 (3) 42 2(5) 2(5)
1993 66 2215 16.5 219(10) 6 (.3) 5 (8) 56 4(7) 4(7)
1994 51 5492 14.0 214 (4) 0 0 0 0 0
1995 56 1312 12.0 113 (9) 8 (.6) 8(14) 156 21(13) 7(4)
1996 47 1414 12.0 158(11) 2 (.1) 3 (6) 64 9(14) 0
1997 46 1102 13.0 124(11) 0 1 (2) 13 1(8) 0
1998 49 744 10.0 93(13) 3 (.4) 3 (6) 32 6(19) 3(9)
1999 44 1080 15.0 63 (6) 0 3 (7) 12 5(42) 0
Total 841 29,762 15.0 2,904 (10) 79 (.3) 89 (11) 2,081 523 (25) 65(3)

aN=841.
bIncludes hospitals (14), nursing/extended care homes (69), assisted/independent living facilities (2), and drug/alcohol rehabilitation facilities (4)

Main Article

1Current affiliation: DeKalb County Board of Health, Decatur, Georgia, USA.

2 Current affiliation: Merck Research Laboratories, Blue Bell, Pennsylvania, USA.

3 Current affiliation: Mercer University School of Medicine, Macon, Georgia, USA.

4The Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) is the principal foodborne disease component of CDC's Emerging Infections Program (EIP). FoodNet is a collaborative project of CDC, nine EIP sites (California, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, New York, Maryland, Minnesota, Oregon and Tennessee), USDA, and FDA. The project consists of active surveillance for foodborne diseases and related epidemiologic studies designed to help public health officials better understand the epidemiology of foodborne diseases in the United States

Top of Page

USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO