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Volume 10, Number 11—November 2004
THEME ISSUE
ICEID & ICWID 2004

International Conference on Women and Infectious Diseases (ICWID)

Sexual Power and HIV Risk, South Africa

Audrey E. Pettifor*Comments to Author , Diana M. Measham†‡, Helen V. Rees*, and Nancy S. Padian‡
Author affiliations: *University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; †University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California, USA; ‡University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA

Main Article

Table 1

Weighted frequencies of HIV prevalence, sexual power, sociodemographic factors, and HIV risk behavior among sexually experienced women 15–24 years of age, South Africa, 2003

Characteristic Weighted frequency (%)
HIV positive 21.1
Low relationship control with current partner 26.6
Did not always use a condom with last partner in past 12 mo 71.4
>1 Lifetime sexual partner 54.6
>1 partner in the past 12 mo 12.8
Most recent sexual partner in past 12 mo was a regular partner 98.2
Most recent partner in past 12 mo physically forced to have sex 3.8
Ever been physically forced to have sex in lifetime 9.6
Transactional sex with most recent partner in past 12 mo 1.3
Most recent partner in past 12 mo >10 y older 5.5
Age at sexual debut <14 y 7.8
Did not talk to most recent partner in past 12 mo about using condoms 20.5
Mean condom use self-efficacy (low 0, high 3) 2.36
Perceive self to be at high risk for HIV infection 38.4
Ever been tested for HIV 32.6
Know HIV status 18.9
Had sex >5 times in past month 10.0
Reported unusual vaginal discharge in the past 12 months 19.2
Ever pregnant 49.5
Age 20–24 y 64.1
Did not complete high school 72.9
Live in a rural area 47.3
Married 4.3
Religion not important in everyday life 13.7
Black African 88.4

Main Article

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