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Volume 10, Number 11—November 2004
THEME ISSUE
ICEID & ICWID 2004

International Conference on Women and Infectious Diseases (ICWID)

Sexual Power and HIV Risk, South Africa

Audrey E. Pettifor*Comments to Author , Diana M. Measham†‡, Helen V. Rees*, and Nancy S. Padian‡
Author affiliations: *University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; †University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California, USA; ‡University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA

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Table 5

Adjusted odds ratios (AOR), 95% confidence intervals (CI), and chi-square p values for not always using a condom with most recent sexual partner in the past 12 months among sexually experienced women 15–24 years of age, South Africa, 2003a

Characteristic AOR (95% CI) Chi-square p-value
Age 20–24 y (vs. 15–19 y) 1.87 (1.32–2.66) < 0.001
Married (vs. single) 5.43 (2.06–14.34) 0.001
Did not complete high school (vs. completed high school) 1.28 (0.87–1.88) 0.2
Live in rural area (vs. live in an urban area) 1.25 (0.76–2.06) 0.37
Other race (vs. Black African race) 1.66 (1.01–2.73) 0.04
Perceive self to be at high risk for HIV (vs. low to no risk) 1.55 (1.13–2.11) 0.006
Low relationship control (vs. high control) 2.10 (1.17–3.78) 0.013
Last partner in past 12 mo forced to have sex (vs. did not force) 5.77 (1.86–17.91) 0.002
Condom use self-efficacy (0 high to 3 low) 1.86 (1.42–2.45) < 0.001
Did not talk to last partner in past 12 mo about using condoms 
(vs. did talk about using condoms) 12.86 (5.83–28.47) < 0.001
>1 lifetime sexual partner (vs. 1 lifetime partner) 1.22 (0.72–2.06) 0.45
Last partner in past 12 mo >10 y older (vs. <10 y older) 1.11 (0.56–2.20) 0.75
Age at first sexual experience <14 y (vs. >14 y) 1.62 (0.97–2.73) 0.06
Sex >5 times in past month with last partner in past 12 mo (vs. 0 times) 2.85 (1.69–4.79) < 0.001

aSource: National Survey of HIV and Sexual Risk Behavior among Young People Age 15–24, South Africa, 2003.

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