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Volume 10, Number 4—April 2004

Synopsis

Pediatric Influenza Prevention and Control

Nicola Principi*Comments to Author  and Susanna Esposito*
Author affiliations: *Institute of Pediatrics, University of Milan, Milan, Italy

Main Article

Table 1

Effectiveness of influenza vaccine as indicated by the occurrence of febrile respiratory illness and acute otitis media (AOM), and the use of antibiotics in children during the 6 months after vaccine administrationa

Variable Vaccine recipients, n = 67 (%) Control participants n = 66, (%) Vaccine efficacy, % p value
Febrile respiratory illness
55 (82.1)
63 (95.5)
13.2
0.03
>1 course of antibiotics
26 (38.8)
42 (63.6)
38.9
0.007
>1 AOM episode
24 (35.8)
42 (63.6)
43.7
0.002
>2 AOM episodes 6 (9.0) 16 (24.2) 63.1 0.03

aModified from P. Marchisio et al. (13).

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