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Volume 10, Number 9—September 2004

Perspective

Deaths due to Unknown Foodborne Agents

Paul D. Frenzen*Comments to Author 
Author affiliation: *U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., USA

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Table 4

Deaths attributed to gastroenteritis of unknown cause, United States, 1994–1998

CharacteristicAverage annual no. of deaths (%)a
Total4,383 (100.0)
Selected other causes of death reported on death certificate (ICD-9 code)
  Enteric infectious diseases (001.0–008.8)58 (1.3)
  Septicemia of known etiology (038.0–038.8)81 (1.8)
  Bacterial pneumonia (481–482.9)28 (0.6)
  Septicemia of unknown etiology (038.9)726 (16.6)
  Hemorrhage of gastrointestinal tract, unspecified (578.9)167 (3.8)
  Acute or unspecified vascular insufficiency of intestine (557.0, 557.9)136 (3.1)
  Anemia, unspecified (285.9)183 (4.2)
  Acute or unspecified renal failure (584.9, 586)443 (10.1)
  Pneumonia of unknown etiology (485, 486)463 (10.6)
Place of death
  Medical facility3,058 (69.8)
  Nursing home766 (17.5)
  Residence476 (10.9)
  Other, unknown83 (1.9)

aDeaths with any mention of specified cause on the1994–1998 Multiple Cause of Death files.

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