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Volume 10, Number 9—September 2004

Dispatch

Leishmaniasis in Refugee and Local Pakistani Populations

Simon Brooker*, Nasir Mohammed†, Khaksar Adil†, Said Agha†, Richard Reithinger*†, Mark Rowland*, Iftikhar Ali†, and Jan Kolaczinski*†Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom; †HealthNet International, Peshawar, Pakistan

Main Article

Table 2

Adjusted odds ratios associated with risk of anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis lesion and scar, based on multiple logistic regression model, using village as a random effect variable

Variable Adjusted OR (95% CI)a
Lesion
Age group (compared to 0–4 y)
  5–19 y 1.17 (0.90–1.52) p = 0.320
  >20 y 0.48 (0.35–0.65) p < 0.001
Lesion prevalence in other household members 1.10 (1.09–1.11) p < 0.001
Scar
Age group (compared to 0–4 y)
  5–19 y 2.52 (1.93–3.29) p < 0.001
  >20 y 1.99 (1.48–2.69) p < 0.001
Refugee camp (compared to local village) 1.48 (1.03–2.14) p = 0.040
Scar prevalence in other household members 1.08 (1.07–1.11) p < 0.001

aOR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.

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