Botulinum Neurotoxin Detection and Differentiation by Mass Spectrometry
John R. Barr* , Hercules Moura*, Anne E. Boyer*, Adrian R. Woolfitt*, Suzanne R. Kalb*, Antonis Pavlopoulos*, Lisa G. McWilliams†, Jurgen G. Schmidt‡, Rodolfo A. Martinez‡, and David L. Ashley*
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †Battelle Memorial Institute, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; ‡Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
Figure 1. Synaptobrevin on the synaptic vesicle must interact with syntaxin and SNAP (synaptosomal-associated protein)-25 on the neuronal membrane for fusion to occur, which allows the nerve impulse to be delivered across the synaptic junction. The botulinum neurotoxin serotypes cleave the peptide bonds at specific sites on the 3 proteins, as indicated. Cleavage of any 1 of these proteins prevents vesicle membrane docking and nerve impulse transmission.
The opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.