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Volume 11, Number 3—March 2005

Dispatch

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

Gili Regev-Yochay*†Comments to Author , Ethan Rubinstein*†, Asher Barzilai*†, Yehuda Carmeli†‡, Jacob Kuint*†, Jerome Etienne§, Mira Blech*, Gill Smollen*, Ayala Maayan-Metzger*†, Azita Leavitt‡, Galia Rahav*†, and Nathan Keller*†
Author affiliations: *Sheba Medical Center, Ramat-Gan, Israel; †Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel; ‡Tel-Aviv Medical Center, Tel-Aviv, Israel; §Faculté de Médecine Laennec, Lyon, France

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Table

Incidence rates of non–multidrug-resistant (MDR) methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and S. aureus infections: preoutbreak versus outbreak periods*

Infection No. infected patients per 1,000 hospitalized patients p value
Non-MDR MRSA, preoutbreak period 1.4 <0.0001
Non-MDR MRSA, outbreak period 18.5
All S. aureus, preoutbreak period 15.2 0.031
All S. aureus, outbreak period 27.7
Other S. aureus (methicillin-susceptible and MDR MRSA), preoutbreak period 13.8 0.38
Other S. aureus (methicillin-susceptible and MDR MRSA), outbreak period 9.2

*Preoutbreak period, January 2000–September 2002; outbreak period, October 2002–December 2003.

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