Volume 12, Number 6—June 2006
Human Streptococcus suis Outbreak, Sichuan, China
|No. (%)||No. deaths (case-fatality %)||No. (%)||No. deaths (case-fatality %)||No. (%)||No. deaths (case-fatality %)|
|Sepsis||45 (30)||0||7 (11)||0||52 (24)||0|
|Meningitis||69 (46)||1 (1)||33 (50)||0||102 (48)||1 (1)|
|STSS||35 (24)||23 (66)||26 (39)||15 (58)||61 (28)||38 (62)|
|Total||149 (100)||24 (16)||66 (100)||15 (23)||215 (100)||39 (18)|
*Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS) is defined according to the 1996 criteria established by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA, which include hypotension (systolic blood pressure <90 mm Hg for adults) and multiorgan involvement characterized by >2 of the following: renal impairment, coagulopathy, liver involvement, acute respiratory distress syndrome, generalized erythematous macular rash that may desquamate, soft-tissue necrosis, including necrotizing fasciitis or myositis, or gangrene. Difference in case-fatality ratio between STSS and other clinical symptoms p<0.001 by χ2 test.
1These authors contributed equally to this article.
2Members of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention Streptococcus suis study group are Wenjun Zhong, Ling Meng, Yongjun Gao, Huamao Du, Changyu Ye, Zhigang Cui, Shouyin Zhang, and Dong Jin. Members of the Sichuan Center for Disease Control and Prevention Streptococcus suis study group are Li Liu, Heng Yuan, Bin Ouyang, Qiang Lv, Yan Huang, Ting Huang, Xingyu Zhou, Liao Feng, and Qidi Pang.