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Volume 12, Number 8—August 2006

Dispatch

Rickettsia felis in Xenopsylla cheopis, Java, Indonesia

Ju Jiang*, Djoko W. Soeatmadji†, Katherine M. Henry*, Sutanti Ratiwayanto‡, Michael J. Bangs‡, and Allen L. Richards*Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *US Naval Medical Research Center, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA; †Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia; ‡US Naval Medical Research Unit #2, Jakarta, Indonesia

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Table

Detection of Rickettsia typhi and Rickettsia felis in flea pools by quantitative, real-time PCR, East Java, Indonesia

Location and distribution of rodents and shrews No. flea pools (total no. fleas)* No. positive pools (%)
17 kDa R. typhi R. felis
Rural (Mulyorejo)
Rattus argentiventer (7.1%) 1 (2) 0 0 0
Rattus rattus (14.3%) 2 (3) 0 0 0
Rattus tiomanicus (57.1%) 1 (1) 0 0 0
Mus musculus (10.7%) 1 (2) 0 0 0
Chiropodomys gliroides (3.6%) 0
Suncus murinus (7.1%) 0
Total rural 5 (8) 0 0 0
Suburban (Bandungrejosari)
Rattus exulans (3.2%) 1 (3) 0 0 0
R. rattus (74.2%) 13 (32) 1 0 1
R. tiomanicus (19.4%) 4 (9) 0 0 0
C. gliroides (3.2%) 1 (4) 0 0 0
Total suburban 19 (48) 1 (5.3) 0 1 (5.3)
Urban (Klojen)
R. exulans (5.3%) 1 (4) 1 1 0
R. rattus (68.4%) 9 (28) 4 3 1
R. tiomanicus (10.5%) 2 (7) 0 0 0
Rattus sabanus (10.5%) 2 (5) 0 0 0
M. musculus (5.3%) 1 (3) 1 1 0
Total urban 15 (47) 6 (40) 5 (33.3) 1 (6.7)
Total 39 (103) 7 (18) 5 (12.8) 2 (5.1)

*Each pool of 1 to 5 fleas (Xenopsylla cheopis) came from a single animal.

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