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Volume 14, Number 6—June 2008


Syphilis and Hepatitis B Co-infection among HIV-Infected, Sex-Trafficked Women and Girls, Nepal

Jay G. Silverman*Comments to Author , Michele R. Decker*, Jhumka Gupta*, Ashwin Dharmadhikari†, George R. Seage*, and Anita Raj‡
Author affiliations: *Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA; †Brigham & Women's Hospital, Boston; ‡Boston University School of Public Health, Boston;

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Table 2

Prevalence and likelihood of co-infection with syphilis or hepatitis B based on HIV serostatus (n = 246), among sex-trafficked women and girls, Nepal

HIV status HIV status, 
no. (%) Syphilis and/or hepatitis B positive, no. (%)* Syphilis and hepatitis B negative, no. (%)* McNemar test statistic OR, 95% CI†
Positive 74 (30.1) 26 (35.1) 48 (64.9) 5.33, p<0.05 1.78 (1.11–2.85)
Negative 172 (69.9) 27 (15.7) 145 (84.3) Referent
Total 246 53 (21.5)‡ 193 (78.5)‡

*Percentages based on HIV serostatus.
†OR, odds ratio, CI, confidence interval.
‡Percentages based on total sample tested for HIV, syphilis, or hepatitis B.

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