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Volume 14, Number 8—August 2008

Research

Diverse Contexts of Zoonotic Transmission of Simian Foamy Viruses in Asia

Lisa Jones-Engel*Comments to Author , Cynthia C. May†, Gregory A. Engel*‡, Katherine A. Steinkraus†, Michael A. Schillaci, Agustin Fuentes¶, Aida Rompis#, Mukesh K. Chalise**, Nantiya Aggimarangsee††, Mohammed M. Feeroz‡‡, Richard Grant*1, Jonathan S. Allan§§, Arta Putra#, I. Nengah Wandia#, Robin Watanabe*, LaRene Kuller*, Satawat Thongsawat††, Romanee Chaiwarith††, Randall C. Kyes*, and Maxine L. Linial†
Author affiliations: *University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA; †Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle; ‡Swedish Hospital, Seattle; §University of Toronto, Scarborough, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; ¶Notre Dame University, Notre Dame, Indiana, USA; #Universitas Udayana, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia; **Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal; ††Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; ‡‡Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh; §§Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research, San Antonio, Texas, USA;

Main Article

Table 1

Demographic and context data for 305 persons who lived and/or worked around nonhuman primates, Asia*

CharacteristicN% Total population% (No.) bitten% (No.) scratched% (No.) splashed% (No.) SFV+
Sex
Male17256.428.9 (50)34.8 (60)25.6 (45)2.3 (4)
Female
133
43.6
28.4 (38)
28.6 (57)
23.3 (31)
3.0 (4)
Context†*
Temple23476.725.6 (60)40.2 (94)27.4 (64)2.1 (5)
Pet216.952.4 (11)42.9 (9)38.1 (8)9.5 (2)
Bushmeat hunting237.504.3 (1)4.3 (1)0
Zoo work82.675.0 (6)100.0 (8)00
Urban
19
6.2
57.9 (11)
26.3 (5)
15.8 (3)
5.3 (1)
Total305100.028.7 (88)38.4 (117)24.6 (75)2.6 (8)

*SFV+, simian foamy virus positive.
†Predominant form of human–nonhuman primate contact at the time of the study.

Main Article

1Current affilation: SNBL USA Ltd., Everett, Washington, USA.

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