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Volume 15, Number 2—February 2009

Research

Nontuberculous Mycobacteria, Zambia

Patricia C.A.M. BuijtelsComments to Author , Marianne A.B. van der Sande, Cas S. de Graaff, Shelagh Parkinson, Henri A. Verbrugh, Pieter L.C. Petit, and Dick van Soolingen
Author affiliations: Medical Centre Rijnmond-Zuid, Rotterdam, the Netherlands (P.C.A.M. Buijtels); University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam (P.C.A.M. Buijtels, H.A. Verbrugh); National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands (M.A.B. van der Sande, D. van Soolingen); Medical Centre Alkmaar, Alkmaar, the Netherlands (C.S. de Graaff); St. Francis Hospital, Katete, Zambia (S. Parkinson); Vlietland Hospital, Schiedam, the Netherlands (P.L.C. Petit)

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Table 5

Background characteristics of NTM-positive and NTM-negative persons, Zambia, August 2002–March 2003*

Characteristic NTM positive, no. (%) NTM negative, no. (%) p value All persons, no. (%)
Persons 93 (16.5) 472 (83.7) 565
Female 61 (65.6) 303 (64.2) 0.8 364 (64.4)
Age, y, mean (SD) 36.7 (13.1) 34.8 (14.6) 0.2 35.1 (14.4)
Farmer 48 (51.6) 245 (51.9) 1.0 293 (51.9)
Used tap water 23 (25.0) 62 (13.2) 0.004 85 (15.1)
Used unboiled milk 15 (16.1) 62 (13.1) 0.4 77 (13.6)
Smoker 5 (5.7) 41 (8.9) 0.3 46 (8.4)
Used alcohol 9 (10.3) 51 (11.2) 0.8 60 (11.0)
Hospitalized 31 (33.3) 149 (31.6) 0.7 180 (31.9)
Previously treated for TB 9 (9.7) 28 (5.9) 0.2 37 (6.6)

*NTM, nontuberculous mycobacteria; TB, tuberculosis.

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