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Volume 15, Number 5—May 2009

Dispatch

Canine Leishmaniasis in Southeastern Spain

Joaquina Martín-SánchezComments to Author , Manuel Morales-Yuste, Carmen Acedo-Sánchez, Sergio Barón, Victoriano Díaz, and Francisco Morillas-Márquez
Author affiliations: Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain (J. Martín-Sánchez, M. Morales-Yuste, S. Barón, V. Díaz, F. Morillas-Márquez); Laboratorio de Análisis Veterinarios ANLAVE, Granada (C. Acedo-Sánchez)

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Table 2

Factors associated with canine leishmaniasis, southeastern Spain, final model*

Variables (no. dogs) OR (95% CI) p value
Bioclimatic level 0.001
Thermo-Mediterranean (189)
Meso-Mediterranean (134) 0.538 (0.196–1.476) 0.228
Supra-Mediterranean (82)
0.013 (0.001–0.126)
<0.001
Age, y 0.001
<4 (224)
>4 (181)
3.223 (1.604–6.474)

Weight, kg 0.069
<25 (316)
>25 (89)
1.985 (0.948–4.156)

Activity 0.00
Pet (232)
Hunting (129) 2.401 (1.060–5.442) 0.036
Other (44)†
4.831 (1.909–12.226)
0.001
Location at night <0.001
Indoors (229)
Outdoors (176)
3.304 (1.704–6.406)

Phlebotomus perniciosus density <0.001
<4 sandflies/m2 (277)
>4 sandflies/m2 (128) 7.029 (2.632–18.769)

*Determined by multivariate logistic regression. With age as continuous variable (0.1–25 years, average 4.7 years), odds ratio (OR) = 1.142; with weight as continuous variable (2–60 kg, average = 17.7), OR = 1.047. CI, confidence interval.
†Guard dogs, sheepdogs, stray dogs, and dogs in kennels.

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