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Volume 15, Number 7—July 2009

Research

Clusters of Multidrug-Resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis Cases, Europe

Isabelle DevauxComments to Author , Kristin Kremer, Herre Heersma, and Dick van Soolingen
Author affiliations: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden (I. Devaux); National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands (K. Kremer, H. Heersma, D. Van Soolingen)

Main Article

Table 1

Number of diagnosed MDR TB cases reported in 24 European countries and number and proportion of genotyped MDR TB strains, as reported to the MDR TB surveillance project, by year, January 2003 through June 2007*

Country No. cases reported
No. genotyped strains reported
2003 2004 2005 2006 and 2007 Total All With data (% total cases)
Belgium† (EU) 9 14 7 1 31 15 15 (48)
Croatia 2 1 2 5 5 5 (100)
Cyprus (EU) 2 0 1 3
Czech Republic (EU) 15 13 4 6 38 11 5 (13)
Denmark (EU) 0 0 5 5 4 4 (80)
Estonia (EU) 96 80 72 248 228 228 (92)
Finland (EU) 3 0 2 2 7 7 7 (100)
France (EU) 53 53 46 152 63 63 (41)
Germany (EU) 101 101 17 16 (16)
Ireland (EU) 1 2 3 2 8 3 3 (38)
Israel 18 15 12 45 39 39 (87)
Italy (EU) 45 18 17 3 83 25 25 (30)
Latvia (EU) 188 208 160 156 712
Lithuania (EU) 318 338 656 56 56 (9)
Macedonia, FYR 4 1 6 4 15
Netherlands (EU) 17 10 7 34 44 34 (100)
Norway (EU) 2 4 3 2 11 7 3 (27)
Poland (EU) 1 16 17
Romania (EU) 25 25 50
Slovenia (EU) 1 0 1 1 3 2 2 (67)
Spain (EU) 28 22 50 50 50 (100)
Sweden (EU) 7 7 4 3 21 21 18 (86)
Switzerland 9 9 3 4 25 25 20 (80)
United Kingdom (EU)
68
52
54

174

50

Total 540 858 896 200 2,494 672 593 (39)

*MDR TB, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis; EU, European Union; –, not available; FYR, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
†Includes only cases detected at the start of treatment.

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