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Volume 16, Number 1—January 2010


Healthcare-associated Viral Gastroenteritis among Children in a Large Pediatric Hospital, United Kingdom

Nigel A. CunliffeComments to Author , J. Angela Booth, Claire Elliot, Sharon J. Lowe, Will Sopwith, Nick Kitchin, Osamu Nakagomi, Toyoko Nakagomi, C. Anthony Hart1, and Martyn Regan
Author affiliations: University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK (N.A. Cunliffe, J.A. Booth, O. Nakagomi, T. Nakagomi, C.A. Hart); Royal Liverpool Children’s National Health Service Foundation Trust, Liverpool (N.A. Cunliffe, C. Elliot, S.J. Lowe, C.A. Hart); Health Protection Agency NW, Liverpool (C. Elliot, W. Sopwith, M. Regan); Sanofi Pasteur MSD, Maidenhead, UK (N. Kitchin); Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan (O. Nakagomi, T. Nakagomi)

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Table 3

Mixed virus infections among children hospitalized at Alder Hey Hospital, by types of viruses detected, Liverpool, UK, 2006–2007*

Virus Total no. case-patients No. case-patients also infected with
Rotavirus Norovirus Adenovirus 40/41 Astrovirus Sapovirus >2 viruses
Rotavirus 76 14 16 3 10 7
Norovirus 44 6 6 2 3 4
Adenovirus 40/41 48 10 2 1 2 5
Astrovirus 16 4 2 2 0 2
Sapovirus 23 1 1 0 0 4
>2 viruses 37 5 4 4 0 2

*Enumerates case-patients in whom >1 virus was identified. Numbers above diagonal represent community-acquired acute gastroenteritis (AGE); numbers below diagonal represent healthcare-associated AGE. NHS, National Health Service.

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