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Volume 16, Number 11—November 2010

Research

Decreasing Shigellosis-related Deaths without Shigella spp.–specific Interventions, Asia

Pradip Bardhan, A.S.G. Faruque, Aliya Naheed, and David A. SackComments to Author 
Author affiliations: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh (P. Bardhan, A.S.G. Faruque, A. Naheed); Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA (D.A. Sack)

Main Article

Table 1

Estimated annual number of diarrheal episodes in children 0–4 years of age, Asia, 1990–2009

Characteristic Age group
0–11 m 1–4 y 0–4 y
Total population, × 1,000 78,533 282,719 361,252
No. diarrheal episodes/child/y (15)
3.2
2.3

Total diarrheal episodes, × 1,000 251,306 650,252 901,559
At home (14,16) 221,651 597,583 819,234
At treatment facility (14,16) 29,655 52,670 82,325
In outpatient department 25,884 51,370 77,254
Hospitalized
3,771
1,300
5,071
Median caused by shigellosis, %
At home* 4.4%
In treatment facility†
5.8
9.4

Weighted mean caused by shigellosis, % (95% confidence interval)


5.1 (4.0–5.7)
No. shigellosis cases
At home, × 1,000 39,669
In treatment facility, × 1,000
1,720
4,951
6,671
Total, × 1,000 46,340
95% confidence interval of weighted mean, × 1,000 44,924–57,316

Main Article

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