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Volume 16, Number 12—December 2010

Dispatch

Prevalence of Henipavirus and Rubulavirus Antibodies in Pteropid Bats, Papua New Guinea

Andrew C. Breed, Meng Yu, Jennifer A. Barr, Gary Crameri, Claudia M. Thalmann, and Lin-Fa WangComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Addlestone, UK (A.C. Breed); Australian Animal Health Laboratory and Australian Biosecurity Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Geelong, Victoria, Australia (M. Yu, J.A. Barr, G. Crameri, C.M. Thalmann, L.-F. Wang)

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Table A1

Detection of antibodies against different viruses found in bats, Papua New Guinea, June 2008*

Location and ID no.
Species
Reactivity†
Hendra virus
Nipah virus
Tioman virus
Menangle virus
Nelson Bay virus‡
Broome virus
Bensbach
2 Dobsonia magna +
4 D. magna +
8 D. magna + +
Mabudawan
12 Pteropus alecto + ++ + ++
Madang
13 P. conspicillatus ++ ++ + +
14 P. conspicillatus + ++
15 P. conspicillatus ++ ++ ++
16 P. conspicillatus ++ +
17 P. conspicillatus ++ ++ ++
18 P. conspicillatus ++ ++ +
19 P. conspicillatus +
20 P. conspicillatus + +++ +
21 P. conspicillatus ++ +++
22 P. conspicillatus +++ +++ +
23 P. conspicillatus ++ ++ + +++
24 P. conspicillatus ++ ++ + +++
25 P. conspicillatus +
26 P. conspicillatus ++ ++ +++ +++
27 P. conspicillatus + + + ++
28 P. conspicillatus ++ ++ + +
30 P. conspicillatus +++ +
31 P. conspicillatus + + +
32 P. conspicillatus + + ++
33 P. conspicillatus ++ ++ ++ +++
34 P. conspicillatus + +++
35 P. conspicillatus + + + +
36 P. conspicillatus ++ ++ +
37 P. conspicillatus + +
38 P. conspicillatus +++ +++ ++ +++ +
39 P. conspicillatus ++ ++ +
40 P. conspicillatus ++
41 P. conspicillatus + +
42 P. conspicillatus
43 P. conspicillatus ++ ++ +
44 P. conspicillatus + + +
45 P. conspicillatus + +
46 P. conspicillatus ++ ++ ++ +++ +
47 P. conspicillatus + +
48 P. conspicillatus +++ +
49 P. conspicillatus + + + +++ +
50 P. conspicillatus +
53 P. conspicillatus ++ ++ + + +
54 P. conspicillatus ++ ++ +
55 P. conspicillatus ++ ++ + +++
56 P. conspicillatus + + +++ +
57 P. conspicillatus ++ ++
58 P. conspicillatus ++ ++ + +
59 P. conspicillatus + ++
60 P. conspicillatus ++ +
62 P. conspicillatus + +
63 P. conspicillatus ++ ++
64 P. conspicillatus +++
66 P. conspicillatus + ++ + + +

*No antibodies were detected in 12 of 66 bats sampled. Shading highlights samples containing antibodies to both henipaviruses and rubulaviruses. ID no., identification number of bat.
†Definition of positive reactivity: for Hendra virus and Nipah virus, Virus neutralization test titer was used (+ for 10–40; ++ for 80–160; +++ for >320 or); for Tioman virus and Menangle virus, virus neutralization test titer was used (+ for 10 to 20; ++ for 40; +++ for 80 or greater); for Nelson Bay virus, ELISA reading was used (+ for OD 0.5–1.0; ++ for OD >1.0); for Broome virus, ELISA reading was used (+ for OD 0.5–1.0; ++ for OD >1.0).
‡And related viruses.

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