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Volume 16, Number 3—March 2010

Research

Serologic Markers for Detecting Malaria in Areas of Low Endemicity, Somalia, 2008

Teun BousemaComments to Author , Randa M. Youssef, Jackie Cook, Jonathan Cox, Victor A. Alegana, Jamal Amran, Abdisalan M. Noor, Robert W. Snow, and Chris Drakeley
Author affiliations: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK (T. Bousema, J. Cook, J. Cox, C. Drakeley); University of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt (R.M. Youssef); Kenya Medical Research Institute–Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya (R.M. Youssef, V.A. Alegana, J. Amran, A.M. Noor, R.W. Snow); Roll Back Malaria–World Health Organization, Hargeisa, Somalia (J. Amran); University of Oxford, Oxford, UK (A.M. Noor, R.W. Snow)

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Table 3

Factors associated with Plasmodium falciparum or P. vivax seroprevalence in 3 villages, Somalia, 2008*

Village Factor P. falciparum
P. vivax
OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value
Xuunshaley Age 1.02 (1.00–1.04) 0.029 1.04 (1.02–1.06) <0.001
Badahabo Age 1.03 (1.01–1.05) 0.002 1.03 (1.01–1.05) 0.006
Ceel-Bardaale Age 1.03 (1.02–1.04) <0.001 1.03 (1.02–1.04) <0.001
Distance to river† 0.94 (0.88–0.99) 0.028 0.93 (0.88–0.99) 0.016

*OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval. Estimates are adjusted for correlation between observations from the same household.
†Nearest seasonal river.

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